Archive for the ‘Topical Medication’ Category

Bicycle Anti Chafing, Stop the Stinging

Most competitive cyclists always have a bicycle anti chafing cream in their medical kits. Chafing is a skin irritation caused by repeated rubbing.  Chafing usually occurs around the groin, underarms, and nipples, but it can occur anywhere. Chafing occurs during long rides and cyclists are prone to this discomfort especially when they have been riding on their saddle for long hours.

Moisture, either from sweat or rain, can worsen chafing. The most common symptom of chafing is a painful stinging or burning sensation on the skin of the affected area. This discomfort can affect a cyclist’s optimum performance, not only during training that covers many miles required to get in shape leading to an extreme event, but most importantly on race day itself. Cyclists more commonly suffer from saddle sores, also called “monkey butt” by some bikers, aside from blisters, sunburn, and other rashes on some other parts of their skin.

Cyclists wear cycling shorts that are made of or blended with Lycra or spandex material to wick away moisture from the skin and minimize saddle sores. However, the fabric is still in contact and rubs onto the skin. To further prevent possible irritation, cyclists apply lubricating cream on the area of the skin where chafing occurs. A number of athletes use petroleum jelly and some use some over the counter anti-chafing lubricating wax.

There are a growing number of cyclists, though, who have discovered an unconventional topical cream which they found to work amazingly. Udder balm was originally used to moisturize a dairy cow’s udder, but was discovered to work on people’s skin just as well. This unconventional cream is steadily gaining popularity among many competitive cyclists as an effective bicycle anti chafing prevention and treatment.

Check with Dr. Naylor’s Udder Balm for more information.

More on Topical Skin Creams

There are several topical skin creams out in the market. These skin creams are for topical application which means that they are applied to a localized area of the outer body or to the skin surface of a body part.

Topical creams usually contain medicaments or other specific ingredients for a prophylactic, therapeutic, or cosmetic purpose. There are some that need prescription and there are those that you can get over the counter.

Majority of the skin creams found in the market are used to address dry skin, skin irritations, and minor skin conditions. You want to look for a product line which features as many natural ingredients as possible that will be effective in treating dry skin. Some products may even be unconventional.

One of the best ingredients for getting rid of dry skin is olive oil. When processed correctly, it is very similar to human sebum. It is also high in antioxidants, is anti-bacterial, and antifungal.

Another good ingredient is jojoba. It can be used for people with combination skin, because while it is moisturizing, it does not increase sebum production. Jojoba is drawn from the seed of the jojoba plant, and was used by the Native Americans for healing purposes.

Grape-seed oil is also a preferred ingredient in any creams for getting rid of dry skin because it forms an invisible, non-waxy layer on the skin in order to lock moisture in. It is also sought after due to its regenerative and restructuring abilities.

An unconventional skin cream treatment for dry skin that is gaining popularity through word-of-mouth is Dr. Naylor’s Udder Balm. Although primarily a veterinary product used to treat dry skin on a cow’s udder, many folks using it on their cows noticed a surprising improvement on their own skin as well.

According to regular users, it not only improved their skin’s condition significantly but is also effective in treating skin rashes, sores, minor cuts and scrapes, and alleviating minor burns, in some reports as good as other synthetic topical skin creams.

Click the Dr. Nayors banner for more information and click this link for a previous article on Topical Skin Creams.

Runners Chafing

A runner’s chafing, just like an injury, may be the ultimate roadblock for runners. As summer is setting in, chafing can become a problem for some runners, as sweating increases the rub of clothing against skin. Chafing is a skin irritation caused by any activity that makes skin to repeatedly rub against another area of skin or article of clothing.

The most common symptom of chafing is a painful stinging or burning sensation in the affected area or areas. Moisture, either from sweat or rain, can aggravate chafing. It usually occurs around the groin, inner thighs, underarms, nipples, and around the bra line (for women) but it can also occur anywhere. Anybody can experience chafing. However, chafing is a particular problem in overweight people and in athletes.

As they say, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. There are some things you can do to prevent chafing from occurring, especially before a long run. Wear clothing that serves as a barrier between layers of skin, like athletic tights or cycling shorts. Though loose clothing may feel more relaxing on hot days, shorts and shirts that fit incorrectly can cause painful friction. Avoid clothing made of coarse materials. Clothing made of cotton absorbs sweat, once it gets wet it stays wet. Runners should choose clothing that fits snugly and is made of synthetic material like Lycra or Spandex that wick moisture away.

Drinking plenty of water before, during, and after a jog or run will. It is recommended that runners stay hydrated to keep sweat flowing freely, rather than drying into gritty salt crystals that can make chafing worse. To help soak up excess sweat, Colombia University’s Health Services recommend sprinkling talcum powder, cornstarch, or potato starch on chafe-prone body parts.

Apply some A+D ointment on chafed skin. The chafed areas should clear up in about a day. Be sure to cover up affected areas with BodyGlide, or Vaseline before heading out for a run. Many seasoned runners also swear by the efficacy of udder balm in preventive lubrication and treatment of runners’ chafing.

Topical Crème

A topical crème is a type of non-edible, pasty substance often containing some form of medicine and is applied to the skin. Several medications in topical creams in both prescription and non-prescription form to treat a wide variety of conditions.

Some topical creams are made of synthetic substances while others are made of natural ingredients.  They are normally designed to heal, renew, nourish, and or protect skin.

There are numerous medications that are available in topical cream form and most are available over the counter. A wide number of topical acne products are creams, and skin treatments for conditions like eczema or psoriasis may come in cream form as well. There are topical creams that may provide pain relief for mild arthritis pain that affects only a few joints. Various topical creams are also used to treat skin problems in many types of arthritis.

Topical cream formulations are also used to treat minor aches and pains by creating heat right at the source of the pain. Topical creams may also be used to address fungal infections, itches, burns, infections, rashes, blisters, sores, and there are even some creams that are used in place of sunscreen lotions or to protect from insect bites.

Perhaps the most popular topical creams are the cosmetic creams used to moisturize and hydrate facial skin, hands, feet, knees, and elbows. Most of these creams are usually made, in part or in whole, of natural ingredients. Most people, however, favor creams made from natural ingredients over synthetic ingredients.

Some unconventional topical creams, like the udder balm, are increasing in popularity because of its efficacy. Although originally a veterinary product meant to relieve dryness and moisturize a cow’s udder, the natural ingredients of the balm was discovered by farmers to work with extreme efficacy on human skin as well.

The principal advantage of topical crème is its ability to rub into the skin quickly without having to go through a longer process.

Topical Skin Creams

Most topical skin creams do the trick when someone has a skin rash.  A simple skin rash is an inflammation of the skin when the skin comes into contact with an irritant.  Common irritants include:

Chemicals in products containing elastic, latex and rubber
Cosmetics, detergents and soaps
Chemicals in clothing like dye
Plant-based culprits like poison ivy, oak or sumac

When skin becomes inflamed from these substances, it is called contact dermatitis, however there are other causes of skin rash that produce patches of red and scaling skin, particularly on the face and behind the ears.  This is called seborrheic dermatitis.  When the condition occurs on the scalp it is known as dandruff.

Seborrheic dermatitis is a harmless but annoying condition that can be made worse by stress, fatigue, age, alcohol-based skin products and infrequent shampooing.

If you are affected by dermatitis, the best solution is to avoid the irritant.  For example, learn to identify poison plants so you can give them a wide berth while walking in the woods.

Sometimes however, it is impossible to avoid all the factors that irritate the skin.  As much as we would like not to age in order to improve our skin, this won’t happen!  Instead, arm yourself with topical creams to make your condition more comfortable.

There are a host of topical creams on the market and everyone has their favorite.  Whether it is Vaseline Intensive Care, your grandmother’s Jergen’s, or the farmer’s friend Dr. Naylor’s Udder Balm, once people experience success with a certain product, they stick with it and they recommend it to their friends.

Remember to call your doctor if you suspect your skin condition is anything more serious than dermatitis, but if it is not, experiment with topical skin creams to get the relief you deserve.

More on Topical Skin Creams.

Healing Abrasions

In sports, healing abrasions quickly and thoroughly is critical to getting back on the field or in the saddle again.

Abrasions are a common injury among athletes of all abilities.  They occur in a fall to a hard surface where friction rubs off layers of skin.  Deep abrasions remove the epidermis which is like the cover of skin, and the dermis which lie beneath and provide structure.

Bicyclists often suffer from many kinds of abrasions, such as “road rash” which occurs when a cyclist crashes.  These injuries can be severe and highly painful because nerve endings are exposed, but most abrasions don’t enter the dermis and bleed much.

All abrasions receive the same initial treatment; that is they are thoroughly cleaned with soap and water.  Hydrogen peroxide is a traditional antiseptic, however new protocol cautions against the use of peroxide for the burning and damage it can inflict on the health tissue surrounding the wound.

After the abrasion is cleaned, an antibiotic ointment or cream and a bandage are all that are needed.  The bandage should be changed once per day.

If the wound is deep enough to be seen by a physician, he will rinse debris and dirt with a water-filled syringe and the follow it with 0.9 sodium chloride.  That will be followed with a second skin product like bioclusive or tegaderm.  The physician will determine if stitches are warranted in addition to the healing ointment.  He will also inquire that your tetanus vaccine is up to date.  All adults are advised to get a tetanus booster every ten years.

If your abrasion affects only the dermis, any ointment will help heal the chafed skin.  As long as the wound is thoroughly cleaned, a lotion, cream or balm can go far in healing abrasions.

Topical Skin Treatment

Any topical skin treatment will do one thing; deliver an active ingredient through various layers of skin, or dermis.

The most common topical skin treatment is a moisturizer which treats dry, chafed or cracked skin to provide temporary relief from painful symptoms.

There are many causes of irritated and dried skin:

Dry air

Exposure to elements such as wind, water or sweat

Reduction in production of natural moisturizers, as in old age

A skin condition such as eczema, psoriasis or dermatitis

Occasionally some of these conditions create scaly skin which is a visible detachment of cells from the surface of the skin. Cells slough off in normal skin too however they detach one at a time. In scaly skin the cells attach to each other to form small sheets of skin that can be seen leaving the body.

The best way to reduce the symptoms of irritable, dry or scaly skin is to eliminate, wherever possible, the conditions that cause the trouble. Take fewer baths during the dry winter months, but in the summer take more to wash away sweat and dirt particles that can cause skin inflammation.

When an occupation or sports passion does not allow for a reduction in activity, people with painful skin conditions often turn to emollients and moisturizers. By definition, moisturizers add moisture and emollients soften the skin however, they are commonly used interchangeably.

The most popular moisturizers are occlusive which consist of oil as an active ingredient, mixed with water to form a lotion.

There are a variety of occlusives such as:

Ointments

Creams

Lotions

Bath oils

Depending upon the severity of the skin irritation, a person might prefer a light lotion to a thicker cream. It is often trial and error as side effects are usually non-existent with a topical skin treatment moisturizer.

Topical Skin Cream

Every topical skin cream has one thing in common.  It is applied to the skin where it gets absorbed through the various layers.  Beyond that, there is much variety in the types of skin creams available today.

The application of skin cream is most often nonocclusive, which means it is placed on the skin and exposed to the air.  This allows particular kinds of abrasions and wounds to dry.

Occlusive preparation is quite different.  In this case a dressing placed over the cream on the skin keeps air out and delivers a more potent and concentrated form of the active ingredient in the cream.

Many wrapping methods are employed in the preparation of an occlusive dressing.  Ordinary household plastic wrap is commonly used, but other semi-permeable materials are used as well.  These provide flexibility and transparency without the total barrier to the air.

One of the common formulas wrapped over skin wounds and abrasions are zinc oxide gelatin which is successful for the treatment of atopic dermatitis, skin lesions, psoriasis and other chronic skin conditions.

Recently, the protocol for treating burns has changed.  Whereas doctors used to advocate wounds be allowed to dry, they now believe it’s best to grow new skin under a sterile but moist environment.  These ointments include highly sophisticated ingredients that combine the proper percentage of lubrication and anti-infection agents.

Of course the majority of people will never need treatment for severe burns.  Most people are bothered only slightly by minor skin problems such as scrapes, chafing and superficial cuts and scratches.

When this happens you will want to clean the skin with soap and water, apply a disinfectant like peroxide, and then an ordinary cream or lotion from the drug store.  Everyone has their favorite making topical skin cream anything you want it to be.

How to Prevent Runner’s Chafing

Uncomfortable runner’s chafing need not sideline you.  The first step is to recognize the cause of the problem.

Runner’s chafing is usually the result of clothing moving too much against the tender skin of the thighs or the thighs themselves rubbing together.

Topical lotions and creams can help.  Any good skin lubricant can provide protection from rubbing. Many runners say old-fashioned and inexpensive items do the trick such as Vaseline petroleum jelly or Dr. Naylor’s Udder Balm.

Another technique for avoiding runner’s chafing is to shower just prior to a run to soften the skin, and then after a run to remove sweat and dirt particles.

If you are running over a series of days it is important to wear laundered shorts.  Running clothes that house sweat can contribute to the abrasive nature of fabric under warm and strenuous conditions.

Make sure you take in plenty of fluids.  Hydration is key to warding off painful rubbing.  Dehydration on the other hand can dry perspiration into gritty salt that exacerbates chafing.

Sometimes, during very hot weather or particularly long runs, lubricant alone is not enough.   Some runners apply powder before a run.  Talcum, cornstarch or potato starch, all available at the grocery store or drug store can provide good protection.

Technologically advanced clothing keeps the skin comfortable while running.  The old school of thought that natural fabrics are best is replaced with 21st century ideas about synthetic fabric.  Technologically advanced nylon fabrics that wick moisture away from the skin are now favored over cottons and wools.

Before you start a running regimen keep in mind the essential components to comfortable skin: Washing, Hydrating, Lubricating and Clothing.  All of these combined will help you focus on the success of your run without having to take time off to heal sore skin from runner’s chafing.

Anti Chafing in Sports

Good anti chafing measures will help your overall health because doctors know the condition of your skin is a mirror to how well you are in general.

According to the University of Maryland, chafing is defined as skin irritation that occurs when skin rubs against other skin, clothing or items like sports equipment.

Researchers advise against wearing coarse fabric.  All-cotton material or synthetics designed to wick moisture from the body are the most comfortable.  Friction can be minimized with the best clothing for the activity.

It is important to wear clothes that are dry and clean.  Irritation can be caused by dirt, chemicals and even dried sweat on clothing.

A temporary lubricant can serve as a barrier to moisture and form a sort of “second skin” in the areas of your body that become irritated. Common areas include inside the thighs and under the arms for runners, and the groin area for bicyclists and equestrians.  Everyone has their ointment of choice and these do not have to cost a lot of money or come from the department store.  Some people find relief at the drug store chains or equestrian supply store.

Proper athletic clothing can also be used in tandem with creams and ointments to prevent chafing.  Fabrics made of nylon or polyester are ideal for driving sweat and moisture away from the skin where it will contribute to rubbing and skin irritation.

Some of these clothing articles are made for the warm weather and are suitable for use with a sunscreen for protection from ultra violet rays.

Remember, the key to treating chafed skin is to avoid the activities that bring it on.  But if your occupation or your favorite sport necessitate repetitive motion, be prepared for chafing with the appropriate clothing and skin crème, both excellent weapons in anti-chafing efforts.